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Synoptic of Events
Population: 2.833 billion population by decade
Nikita Khrushchev, First Secretary of USSR Communist Party, denounces
Stalin's excesses (Feb. 24).
Morocco gains independence from France (March 1) and Spain (April 7).
Workers' uprising against Communist rule in Poland is crushed (June 28-30).
Egypt takes control of Suez Canal (July 26). Israel launches attack on
Egypt's Sinai peninsula and drives toward Suez Canal (Oct. 29).
French invade Egypt at Port Said (Nov. 5). Cease-fire forced by US pressure
stops British, French, and Israeli advance (Nov. 6).
Soviet troops and tanks crush anti-Communist uprisings in Hungary
President: Dwight D. Eisenhower
Vice President: Richard M. Nixon
Life expectancy: 69.7 years
Homicide Rate (per 100,000): 4.6
More U.S. Events
Autherine Lucy, the first black student at the University of Alabama, is
suspended after riots (March 1).
U.S. tests the first aerial hydrogen bomb over Namu islet, Bikini Atoll
with the force of 10 million tons TNT (May 21).
Miss America: Sharon Ritchie (CO)
US GDP (1998 dollars): $438 billion
Federal spending: $70.64 billion
Federal debt: $272.7 billion
Consumer Price Index: 27.2
Cost of a first-class stamp: $0.03
World Series; NY Yankees d. Brooklyn Dodgers (4-3)
NBA Championship; Philadelphia Warriors d. Ft. Wayne Pistons (4-1)
Stanley Cup; Montreal d. Detroit (4-1)
Women; Shirley Fry d. A. Buxton (6-3 6-1)
Men; Lew Hoad d. K. Rosewall (6-2 4-6 7-5 6-4)
Kentucky Derby Champion; Needles
NCAA Basketball Championship; San Francisco d. Iowa (83-71)
NCAA Football Champions; Oklahoma (10-0-0)
1956 Summer Olympics
1956 Winter Olympics
Pulitzer Prizes Fiction: Andersonville, MacKinlay
Music: Symphony No. 3, Ernst Toch
Drama: The Diary of Anne Frank, Frances Goodrich and Albert Hackett
Oscars awarded in 1956
Academy Award Best Picture: Marty, Harold
Hecht, producer (United Artists)
Nobel Prize for Literature: Juan Ramón Jiménez (Spain)
1956 Emmy Awards
1956 Tony Awards
With many hit singles (including "Heartbreak Hotel"), Elvis Presley emerges
as one of the world's first rock stars. The gyrating rocker
enjoys fame on the
stages of the Milton Berle, Steve Allen and Ed Sullivan shows, as well as in
the first of his many movies, Love Me Tender.
Kay Thompson's Eloise, the Plaza Hotel's most famous guest, is a bestseller.
Grace Metalious's steamy Peyton Place is a bestseller.
The Wizard of Oz has its first airing on TV.
World in 80 Days
The King and I
Music Woody Guthrie, "This Land is Your Land"
Elvis Presly, "Hearbreak Hotel"
Vic Damone, "On the Street Where You Live"
The Platters, "Great Prender"
The Four Lads, "Standing on the Corner"
Books John Barth, The Floating Opera
James Baldwin, Giovanni's Room
Allen Ginsburg, Howl
Lewis Mumford, The Transformations of Man
William Styron, The Long March
Nobel Prizes in Science Chemistry: Sir Cyril Hinshelwood (UK) and Nikolai N. Semenov (USSR), for
parallel research on chemical reaction kinetics
Physics: William Shockley, Walter H. Brattain, and John Bardeen (all US),
for developing electronic transistor
Physiology or Medicine: Dickinson W. Richards, Jr., André F. Cournand (both
US), and Werner Forssmann (Germany),
for new techniques in treating heart
Felix Wankel (Germany) develops the rotary internal combustion engine.
molecule is first photographed. Background: genetic engineering
neutrino is first observed at Los Alamos, New Mexico.
Events of 1956
Crisis - Suez canal nationalised by Egypt
Uprising crushed by Soviet tanks while the US sits idly by.
forces under Moshe Dayan seize the Gaza Strip & Sinai Peninsula.
Castro and Che Guevara land in Cuba and begin a guerrilla war.
telephone cable installed.
re-elected President of US (Nixon Vice President)
First LP in hit parade
(Frank Sinatra's Songs for Swinging Lovers
"My Fair Lady" opens
in New York
Film actress Grace
Kelly marries Prince Rainier III of Monaco
TV debuts in Australia
Donald Campbell breaks
world water speed record (216 mph)